In Drupal, a distribution refers to a convenient package consisting of Drupal core, contributed modules, themes, and configurations. It allows for effortless installation, enabling the creation of specific types of websites quickly. Distributions are specifically designed for various use cases, such as building news websites or e-commerce platforms. Examples of popular distributions include:

  1. Drupal Commerce: This distribution is tailored for creating e-commerce websites. It comes pre-configured with modules and themes that facilitate online shopping functionality.
  2. Open Atrium: Designed for intranet and collaboration sites, Open Atrium is a distribution that offers essential features like document sharing, project management, and team communication tools.

By utilizing a distribution, developers can save significant time and effort during website construction. Rather than starting from scratch, much of the initial setup and configuration work is already completed. Fully functional distributions are particularly advantageous, as they are ready to use straight away. These distributions typically incorporate commonly required features and functionalities for a specific website or application.

To illustrate the concept, here’s an example of installing the Drupal Commerce distribution using the command line:

$ composer create-project drupalcommerce/project-base mywebshop --stability dev --no-interaction

The above command sets up a new Drupal Commerce website named “mywebshop” by pulling the necessary components from the distribution package.

In summary, distributions in Drupal provide pre-configured packages that expedite the creation of specific websites or applications. They offer convenience and time-saving benefits by bundling together essential components and configurations.

Speeding up your WordPress site holds immense importance in today’s digital landscape. It not only enhances user experience but also contributes to improved search engine rankings, higher conversion rates, optimal mobile user experience, and efficient server resource utilization.

There are several ways to speed up a WordPress website:

  1. Optimize images: Reduce file sizes and compress images to improve loading times.
  2. Utilize caching plugins: Employ plugins like W3 Total Cache or WP Super Cache to cache static files and minimize server requests.
  3. Minimize plugins: Remove unused plugins and limit the number of active ones.
  4. Employ a content delivery network (CDN): Distribute static files through a CDN to reduce server load and improve performance.
  5. Optimize the database: Regularly clean up post revisions, trashed posts, and spam comments to enhance database efficiency.
  6. Choose a reliable web hosting service: Opt for a fast and dependable hosting provider.
  7. Select optimized frameworks or themes: Use performance-optimized frameworks or themes to improve website speed.
  8. Keep WordPress and plugins updated: Regularly update WordPress core and plugins to benefit from performance enhancements and security fixes.
  9. Implement lazy loading for images: Load images only when they become visible to the user, reducing initial page load times.
  10. Preload important resources: Prioritize the loading of fonts and other essential assets to allow users to interact with the page quickly.

By implementing these strategies, your WordPress website will be optimized for speed and provide a seamless user experience.

Shopify CLI is a powerful tool that empowers developers to create and customize Shopify themes locally, enhancing their workflow and efficiency. By utilizing the command-line interface, you can seamlessly set up and modify themes on your local machine before deploying them to your live store. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of leveraging Shopify CLI to develop and refine Shopify themes locally.

Step 1: Installing Shopify CLI

The first step is to install Shopify CLI on your computer. Shopify CLI is a command-line tool that simplifies Shopify theme development. Follow the installation guide provided in the official Shopify documentation to set up Shopify CLI on your machine.

Step 2: Creating a New Theme

Once Shopify CLI is installed, you can create a new theme by running the command “shopify theme init” in your terminal. This command will generate the necessary files and folder structure for your theme development.

Step 3: Configuring Your Development Store

To interact with your development store and obtain the required API credentials, use the command “shopify login” to authenticate your Shopify Partner account. After logging in, run the command “shopify theme configure” to connect your local theme with your development store.

Step 4: Starting the Development Server

With the theme configured, launch the development server by running “shopify theme serve.” This will start a local server that hosts your theme and provides a live preview of your changes. Any modifications you make to your theme files will be immediately reflected in the preview.

Step 5: Theme Development and Customization

Now that the development server is running, you can open your favorite text editor to modify the local theme files. As you make changes, the development server will automatically update the preview in your browser, allowing you to visualize the impact of your modifications in real-time.

Step 6: Deploying Your Theme

Once you’re satisfied with your theme development, it’s time to deploy your theme to your live store. Use the command “shopify theme deploy” to upload your local theme to your production store and make it available to your customers.

Shopify CLI provides an efficient and seamless approach to local theme development. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can install Shopify CLI, create a new theme, configure your development store, start the development server, and customize your theme with ease. Embrace the power of Shopify CLI and unlock the potential to create stunning, customized Shopify themes that resonate with your brand and delight your customers.

In Drupal, there are several modules that can be used to create feedback forms and surveys. Some popular options include:


The Webform module in Drupal allows site administrators to create forms and surveys that can be filled out by website visitors. It provides a user-friendly interface for creating and managing forms and allows for a variety of field types, such as text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, and file uploads. Forms can be configured to send email notifications, save submissions to the database, and export data to a spreadsheet. Additionally, the module includes conditional logic, validation, and access controls. Once a form is created, it can be added to pages and posts using a block or a shortcode.

Survey Builder

In Drupal, the Survey Builder module allows users to create surveys and polls on their website. The module provides a user interface for creating and managing surveys, as well as for collecting and analyzing the results. Surveys can include a variety of question types, such as multiple choice, checkboxes, and open-ended text fields. Users can also set limits on the number of times a survey can be taken, and can choose to make the survey anonymous or require users to log in before taking the survey. Once a survey is created, it can be embedded in a page or blocked on the website, or linked to through a button or link. The results of the survey can then be viewed and analyzed in the module’s admin interface.


In Drupal, the Quiz module allows site administrators to create and manage quizzes on their website. The module includes features such as multiple question types (e.g. multiple choice, true/false), the ability to set a time limit for taking the quiz, and the ability to provide instant feedback and score calculations. The module also includes options for managing quiz access and permissions, as well as reporting and analytics tools for tracking quiz performance. The Quiz module can be used to create quizzes for a variety of purposes, such as education, training, and assessment.

Form Builder

In Drupal, the Form Builder module allows users to create and manage forms through a web interface, rather than having to manually write the code for the form. The module provides a user-friendly interface for creating and editing form fields, setting validation rules, and managing submissions. Once a form is created, it can be added to a page or blocked on the website and made available to users. The Form Builder module also includes features such as email notifications and the ability to export submitted data.


The Contact module in Drupal allows website visitors to send messages to the site administrator through a web form. This form can be configured to include various fields, such as name, email, subject, and message. Once the form is submitted, the message is sent to the email address specified in the module’s settings, and can also be viewed and managed through the Drupal administrator interface. Additionally, the module allows to create of different forms for different purposes, and can also be used to create custom contact forms for specific use cases

These are some of the popular modules you can use to create feedback forms and surveys in Drupal, but many other options are also available. It’s always recommended to review the module documentation and check its popularity, stability, maintenance, and community before installing.

Shopify is a popular e-commerce platform that allows businesses to create and manage their online stores. As with any software development project, it’s essential to use version control to manage changes to the codebase effectively. In this text, we’ll explore the steps involved in using version control, specifically Git, to manage Shopify development work. By following these steps, you can streamline your development workflow, collaborate effectively with other developers, and ensure the stability and reliability of your Shopify store.

  1. Choose a version control system:
    Choose a version control system, such as Git, to manage your codebase.
  2. Set up a repository:
    Set up a repository on a hosting platform, such as GitHub or Bitbucket, to store your code.
  3. Connect your local development environment:
    Connect your local development environment to the remote repository using a Git client.
  4. Initialize the repository:
    Initialize the repository in your local development environment and make an initial commit to mark the starting point of your development work.
  5. Regularly commit changes:
    Regularly commit changes to the repository as you make progress on your development work.
  6. Use branches:
    Use branches to manage different versions of your code. For example, use a separate branch for each feature or bug fix.
  7. Use pull requests:
    Use pull requests to merge changes from different branches into the main branch. This allows for code review and collaboration with other developers.
  8. Regularly push changes:
    Regularly push your changes to the remote repository to keep it in sync with your local development environment.

By following these steps, you can use version control to manage your Shopify development work effectively and efficiently.

Here you will find a way to speed up the Shopify website.

To optimize the work of pages, you will need to connect a collector to the project (in our example, this is Gulp).

Create a directory in the root of your project (for example ./src). And further inside ./src create directories for images – /img, for JS files – /js, for style files – /css. Transfer the corresponding files to the appropriate directories.

First, you will need to install all the modules to work through the npm -i command. Such as: gulp, gulp-babel, gulp-autoprefixer, gulp-babel-minify, gulp-rename, gulp-sass, node-sass, gulp-minify-css, browser-sync, gulp-imagemin.

To connect gulp, create a file gulpfile.js.

Next, we connect all the modules and prescribe commands.

`use strict`;

* Connecting modules
const gulp = require(`gulp`);
const babel = require(`gulp-babel`);
const autoprefixer = require(`gulp-autoprefixer`);
const minify = require(`gulp-babel-minify`);
const rename = require(`gulp-rename`);
const sass = require(`gulp-sass`)(require(`node-sass`));
const cssMin = require('gulp-minify-css');
const browserSync = require('browser-sync');
const imageMin = require('gulp-imagemin');
const reload = browserSync.reload;

* The paths to the files that we will work with
const srcSCSS = `src/scss/*.scss`;
const srcJS = `src/js/*.js`;
const srcImg = `src/img/**/*.*`;

* Styles task
gulp.task('scss', function () {
   return gulp.src('src/scss/*.scss')
           suffix: '.min'
           stream: true

* JS task
gulp.task('js', function () {
   return gulp.src('src/js/*.js')
           presets: ["@babel/preset-env"]
           mangle: {
               keepClassName: true
           suffix: '.min'
           stream: true

* Images task
gulp.task('images', function () {
   return gulp.src('src/img/**/*.*')
           stream: true

* Watch task
gulp.task(`watch`, () => {, gulp.series(`scss`));, gulp.series(`js`));, gulp.series(`images`));

* Default task
gulp.task(`default`, gulp.series(`scss`, `js`, 'images'));

To run gulp, use the gulp watch and gulp default commands in the terminal.

Also, to improve the site’s performance, double-check all pages and remove duplicate js files and minimize the use of inline styles on the page (it is better to move to ./src/scss).

Thus, you can increase the speed of the pages by 2 or more times.

Widgets in WordPress are small blocks of content or functionality that can be added to various areas of a website, such as sidebars and footers. They can be used to display things like recent posts, categories, and search forms.

Here are some tips on how to work with widgets in WordPress:

  1. Start by familiarizing yourself with the built-in widgets that come with WordPress. These widgets are available in the “Appearance > Widgets” section of your WordPress admin dashboard.
  2. Look for a plugin that provides additional widgets if you need more than the built-in options. Some popular widget plugins include Jetpack and Widget Options.
  3. To add a widget to your site, simply drag and drop it from the “Available Widgets” section to the desired location in the “Widgets” section of the dashboard. You can also click on the widget to expand it and configure its settings.
  4. Make sure to check the settings for each widget, as some may require additional setup or customization. For example, a widget that displays recent posts may allow you to specify the number of posts to show or the categories to include.
  5. If you need to create a custom widget, you’ll need to have some coding knowledge. Here’s an example of a simple custom widget that displays a message:
class Custom_Widget extends WP_Widget
  function __construct()
      'custom_widget', // Widget ID 
      __('Custom Widget', 'text_domain'), // Widget name 
      array('description' => __('A custom widget', 'text_domain'),) // Widget description 

  public function widget($args, $instance)
    echo $args['before_widget'];

    if (!empty($instance['message'])) {
      echo $args['before_title'] . apply_filters('widget_title', $instance['message']) . $args['after_title'];

    echo __('This is a custom widget', 'text_domain');
    echo $args['after_widget'];

  public function form($instance)
    $message = !empty($instance['message']) ? $instance['message'] : __('Default message', 'text_domain');
      <label for="<?php echo $this->get_field_id('message'); ?>">
        <?php _e('Message:'); ?>
      <input class="widefat" id="<?php echo $this->get_field_id('message'); ?>"
           name="<?php echo $this->get_field_name('message'); ?>" type="text"
           value="<?php echo esc_attr($message); ?>">

  public function update($new_instance, $old_instance)
    $instance = array();
    $instance['message'] = (!empty($new_instance['message'])) ? strip_tags($new_instance['message']) : '';
    return $instance;

This code creates a custom widget called “Custom Widget” that displays a message specified by the user in the widget settings.

Widgets are a great way to add functionality and content to your WordPress site without having to write any code. With the tips above, you’ll be able to make the most of WordPress widgets and create a more dynamic and engaging website.

If you’re working with WordPress, it’s essential to know which version of the platform you’re running. Fortunately, WordPress provides a global variable called $wp_version that stores this information. In this article, we’ll look at how you can use the PHP code:

<?php echo($wp_version); ?>

to output the current version of WordPress on your site.

To use this code, you’ll need to execute it within the context of a WordPress installation. You can do this by adding it to a WordPress template file, or by using it in a plugin or custom function. If you’re not familiar with PHP or WordPress development, it’s a good idea to seek the help of a developer or consult the WordPress documentation before making any changes.

One simple way to use this code is to add a custom function to your theme’s functions.php file. Here’s an example:

function display_wp_version() { global $wp_version; echo $wp_version; }

Once you’ve added this function to your theme’s functions.php file, you can call it anywhere in your theme or plugin to output the WordPress version number. For example, you could add the following code to your footer.php file to display the version number in the footer of your site:

<footer> <p>WordPress version <?php display_wp_version(); ?></p> </footer>

Remember, modifying your WordPress site’s code can be risky, so it’s always a good idea to create a backup of your site before making any changes. By following these simple tips, you can easily output the current version of WordPress on your site and keep track of any updates or changes to the platform.

There is a function in WordPress that displays a navigation menu on your website – wp_nav_menu().

By default, it displays the menu assigned to the “Primary” location in the WordPress dashboard, but you can specify a different menu or customize the output by passing various arguments to the function.

Here is an example of how you might use wp_nav_menu() in your theme’s template file:

<?php $args = array( 'theme_location' => 'primary', 'container' => 'nav', 'container_class' => 'main-nav', 'menu_class' => 'menu', 'depth' => 2, ); wp_nav_menu( $args ); ?>

This will display the menu assigned to the “Primary” location, wrapped in a nav element with a class of main-nav, and with each menu item contained in a list element with a class of menu. The depth argument specifies how many levels of the menu hierarchy to display.

You can find more information about wp_nav_menu() and the available arguments in the WordPress documentation:

This code snippet is using the add_filter function to add a new filter to the woocommerce_enqueue_styles hook in WordPress. This hook is used to enqueue stylesheets in the WooCommerce plugin.

add_filter( 'woocommerce_enqueue_styles', 'jk_dequeue_styles' );
function jk_dequeue_styles( $enqueue_styles ) {
 unset( $enqueue_styles['( css file name)'] ); 
 return $enqueue_styles;

The function passed to add_filter (in this case: jk_dequeue_styles) is called a “callback” function, and it modifies the list of stylesheets that are enqueued by WooCommerce. The $enqueue_styles argument is an array of stylesheets that are being enqueued by WooCommerce, and the unset function is used to remove a specific stylesheet from this array.

In this case, the stylesheet being removed is specified by the (css file name) placeholder. You will need to replace this placeholder with the actual name of the stylesheet file that you want to remove.

Finally, the modified array of stylesheets is returned by the jk_dequeue_styles function, which will cause only the remaining stylesheets in the array to be enqueued by WooCommerce.